Native Plant Sale

Thank you for your interest in the Land Trust’s Annual Native Plant Sale! This year’s sale took place on the 22/23 of September. Make sure to check back next year for information about the 2018 Sale!

You bought plants! Now what?

When to plant:

  • Continue to water plants in pots prior to planting in the ground.
  • Plant in ground mid-October through late-November when soil is moist and temperatures mild. (This allows plants to get established in wetter months, removing the need for immediate watering. )

Plant Holes and Spacing:

  • Dig holes two – three times bigger than the plant container size to loosen soil.
  • Ground covers plant 1-3 feet apart
  • Shrubs plant 3 -5  feet apart
  • Most Trees plant 10-15 feet

Upon planting, soak well with water. Fertilizer or soil amendments are generally not needed. Mulch plants to keep moisture in root system and the weeds out.

Ongoing Care:
Provide water and mulch around plants for 2 to 3 years after planting to ensure their best chance for survival. After 3 years they should be well enough established to survive independently.

Planting Tutorial

Why a Fall Plant Sale?

In 2016, the Land Trust held its first ever Fall Native Plant Sale. Due to its success we have decided to transition our annual sale from spring to fall in order to offer nursery-grade plants at optimal planting time! Planting during the wetter fall months helps increase plant vigor by reducing transplant shock and watering requirements. Our native plant collection includes a variety of ground covers, shrubs, and trees.

Why Native Plants?

Native plants are best suited to our unique northwest environment. They are built to withstand our long wet winters, and our dry summers and are shown to be more resistant to disease. They require less maintenance overall and help improve habitat and water quality across the Island. View the full selection of plants below!

Plant Catalog

Plants are listed alphabetically by common name. If you have questions, feel free to call us at (206) 842-1216!

Beaked Hazelnut – Corylus cornuta
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub.
Height: 3 feet – 13 feet (1 meter – 4 meters).
Growth Form: Shrub.
Flowers: Male catkins emerge before leaves in the spring, female catkins are much smaller with protruding red stigmas.
Fruits: Fruits are hard-shelled nuts enclosed in a husk, husks are arranged in clusters of 2-3 at the end of branches and covered with stiff prickly hairs.
Best Growing Conditions: well-drained soil in part sun to mostly shade. Open forests, thickets, riparian corridors and meadows.
Why Choose Beaked Hazelnut? The dense, sprawling structure of the Hazelnut provide good habitat for low-nesting birds. The nuts are edible and resemble commercial hazelnuts–if you can beat the birds and squirrels to them!

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Cascara – Rhamnus purshiana
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
Height: Up to 33 feet.
Growth Form: Tree.
Leaves: egg-shaped to oblong, deciduous, dark glossy green, 6-12 cm (2.5-5 in) long, finely toothed, strongly pinnately veined in furrows, the surface washboardy.
Flowers: Small umbrella-shaped clusters of greenish yellow flowers appear in April and May.
Fruits: Blue black to purplish-black berries, 5-8 mm across; edible.
Best Growing Conditions: tolerates wet, moist, or dry soils in partial sun to partial shade.
Why Choose Cascara? This mid-story tree grows well in small gaps of sunlight under an established tree canopy, or at forest edges. The leaves and other plant parts are a food source for a range of butterfly larvae. Cascara bark can be used to make a strong laxative, and was harvested on Bainbridge Island for many years in the early 1900s to help supply the national market.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Cascade Oregon grape – Mahonia nervosa
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Low-growing, creeping shrub with dark green holly-like leaves and slender spikes of yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet tall.
Leaves: Leaves are in long clusters with numerous dark green, glossy, holly-like leaves
Flowers: Small bright yellow flowers in elongated clusters at tops of stems appear in early spring
Fruits: Small rounded dark blue berries with a whitish bloom.
Best Growing Conditions: Partly sunny to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Cascade Oregon Grape? A slower-growing species, it is especially well-suited to areas of dry shade, providing an attractive anchor for the border of a shady garden. Also ideal as a low maintenance ground cover or low hedge. One of the most common understory plants in the Pacific Northwest, various species of birds and mammals prefer the small berries produced by M. nervosa.

Description courtesy of http://www.wnps.org and www.portlandnursery.com
Photo courtesy of DHochmayr || CC-BY-SA-3.0 and http://www.nwplants.com, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Coastal Strawberry – Fragaria chiloensis
4″ – $4

At a Glance: A superb evergreen ground cover with large white flowers in the spring, followed by delectable berries!
Height: 6-12″ high
Growth Form: Ground cover, spreads by runners
Best Growing Conditions: Full sun or partial shade, does well in moist sandy soil
Why choose Coastal Strawberry? It’s native to coastal habitats like ours! This sturdy plant is used to growing in beach areas and other inhospitable terrain.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Creeping Dogwood – Cornus canadensis
4″ – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous Groundcover. This wonderful groundcover prefers light shade and a nice organic soil. Attributes include attractive foliage, edible berries, beautiful white blooms, spreads slowly.
Height: Up to 1 ft.
Growing Difficulty: High
Best Growing Conditions: Moist, organic soil, partial to full shade. Many gardeners place rotting wood at the bottom of the planting hole to provide suitable nutrients to thrive.
Best Companions: Ferns, other moist-woods inhabitants
Why Choose Creeping Dogwood? Lovely and pristine, it is like a jewel in the shade or woodland garden. In the lives of gardeners there are some plants that are so beautiful and special that they are worth the extra effort they may take to establish or care for; can be forgiven their idiosyncrasies and neediness in the face of the simple pleasure they bring. Cornus canadensis should be high on this list. (Portland Nursery)

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative and http://portlandnursery.com/plants/natives/cornus-canadensis.shtml

Deer fern – blechnum spicant
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Dark green fern leaves grow in tufts from short, stout rhizomes.
Height: Up to 40 in.
Leaves: Narrow, dark, glossy leaf with a wavy, crinkled edge along the leaf; the stalk is gloss black. Upright “flowering” stalks emerge from the center of the fern’s base.
Best Growing Conditions: Deep shade and some moisture; plants in sun tend to grow smaller.
Best Companions: Other woodland natives, such as Trillium ovatum (Western Trillium), Achlys triphylla (Vanilla Leaf), or other ferns.
Why Choose Deer Fern? If you are looking for an elegant addition to your shade garden, you could not do better than to plant Deer Fern. Its dark green, shiny, leathery fronds and purple-black stems make this a standout among the ferns. (WNPS)

Photo © Peggy A. Lopipero-Longmo from www.flickr.com (License)
Descriptions courtesy Washington Native Plant Society

Evergreen Huckleberry – Vaccinium ovatum
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Beautiful foliage and edible fruit make this a must in most gardens; the new growth is bronze and the berries are blue to black; does not transplant well, but can be grown easily from smaller potted stock; can be hedged.
Height: Up to 12 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, partial to full shade
Flowering Period: Showy flowers appear April to May
Why Choose Evergreen Huckleberry? A favorite of local wildlife, the berries are consumed by many species of birds and mammals. The flowers attract a variety of butterflies as well as hummingbirds. The fruits can also be used for jams or in cooking, and are rich in vitamin C.

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative and http://www.nwplants.com (licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.)

Foamflower – Tiarella trifoliate
1 Gallon – $10

At A Glance: Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
Height: 
Up to 2 feet
Best Growing Conditions: Mostly shade to full shade, moist soil.
Flowers: Tiny and delicate white flowers at the end of short wire-like stalks, several to many in elongate clusters, 5 petals and 10 stamens. Flowers are approximately 2 mm long and star-shaped.
Why Choose Foamflower? This herbaceous flower looks best planted in masses and is well-suited for a shade covered garden or landscape.

Photo: By Walter Siegmund (talk) – Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3230036

Grand Fir – Abies grandis
18″ – $10

At a Glance: Abies grandis is a tall, straight tree with short, dense branches.
Height: 130-260 feet (40-80 meters).
Growth Form: Straight, narrow conifer tree.
Leaves: Needles smell similar to tangerines and are spread apart horizontally so that both the upper and lower sides of the branch are clearly visible. Needles lie perfectly flat on twigs, like teeth on a comb. Color is dark green with two white stripes on the underside.
Fruits: Cones are positioned high in the crown of the tree and disintegrate before falling to the ground. Cones are cylindrically shaped, 5-10 cm (2-4 in) long by 4 cm (1.5 in) in diameter, yellow in color when mature and greenish when unripe.
Best Growing Conditions: well-drained soil in part sun to part shade. Coastal bluffs, forests, rocky slopes, streams and river banks.
Why Choose Grand Fir? Cones are an excellent food source for birds and other wildlife. Mature trees are often used by eagles, osprey, and herons as roosting sites.

Photos: These photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

High Bush Cranberry – Viburnum trilobum
1 Gallon – $10

At A Glance: Dense upright or arching branches create a round outline. Maple-like, deciduous foliage is colorful in fall. White, flat-topped clusters of flowers are followed by persistent red berries.
Height: Up to 16 ft.
Flowers & Foliage: Flat clusters of lacy, white flowers unfurl in May. Red autumn foliage stands out, as do the scarlet berries.
Best Growing Conditions: Moist to wet soil, full to partial sun
Why Choose High Bush Cranberry? The edible berries are rich in Vitamin C and are sought out by many wildlife species.  Berries and foliage provide beautiful fall colors that linger into early winter.

These photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Kinnickinnick – Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: A mat-forming evergreen shrub producing lovely pink flowers that later turn into red berries. The velvety red-brownish branches are long, flexible and rooting. Pure stands of kinnikinnick can grow to be very dense.
Height: Up to 8 inches tall.
Leaves: Oval in shape, dark green, shiny above and paler beneath with a leathery texture; up to 3 cm long.
Flowers: Small pink bell-shaped flowers in few-flowered drooping terminal clusters; size: 5 mm long.
 Flowers emerge in March, April.
Fruits: Kinnikinnick berries are called drupes and ripen late, continuing to stay on plants into winter.
Best Growing Conditions: Sandy and well-drained exposed soil, dry rocky slopes
Why Choose Kinnickinnick? This is a great alternative to the dreaded English ivy! Have a place you hate to mow? A boring parking strip? A retaining wall or rockery that could use a cascade of green? Kinnikinnick is a great choice. It’s low maintenance, drought tolerant, and a pal to birds (like grosbeaks and hummingbirds) and insects (like bees and butterflies), providing sustenance long into the lean season of winter.

Description courtesy of Washington Native Plant Society
http://www.wnps.org/landscaping/documents/Kinnikinnick.pdf

Mock Orange – Philadelphus lewisii
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet.
Leaves: 3-5 cm (1-2 in) long; green in color
Flowers: 4 petals; numerous stamens; 3-15 in clusters at the end of lateral branches. Fragrant, appear May – July
Best Growing Conditions: Full sun to moderate shade in moist, well-drained soils.
Why Choose Mock Orange? Nectar attracts pollinator species such as hummingbirds and insects, while the seeds are consumed by various birds and mammals. Large, showy, and fragrant blooms make them excellent for ornamental purposes and are attractive in hedgerows.

Photos courtesy of http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Ninebark – Physocarpos capitatus
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Growth Form: Shrub.
Stems: Brown shredding peeling bark.
Flowers: White, small, 5 petals, about 30 pink stamens; several to many in terminal, rounded clusters.
Flowering Period: May, June.
Best Growing Conditions: Moist or wet soils in full sun to part shade. Forest edges, wetland edges, thickets, riparian corridors.
Why Choose Ninebark? Persistent seed heads provide a food source for birds well into the winter. Once established, root systems are excellent at holding soil.

Photo courtesy of the Washington Native Plant Society / Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium.

Nootka Rose – Rosa nutkana
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Spreading shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet.
Flowers: Large, primarily pink flower borne singly or in pairs of 2-3 at the branch tips, appear through May and June.
Fruits: Round, purplish-red rosehips, 1-2 cm across
Conditions: Mostly sunny; moist – dry soil.  Nootka rose is tolerant of a very wide range of conditions.

Why Choose Nootka Rose? Pollen-seeking bees are attracted to this beautiful shrub, and the rosehips remain on the plant throughout winter, providing food for small mammals, birds, and insects.

Oceanspray – Holodiscus discolor
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous shrub; large, white to cream, lilac-like flower plumes are dazzling in late spring to early summer gardens; the flowers then turn a tan to brown color and last on the plant through winter.
Height: up to 15′
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, more tolerant to dry soils than most natives. Sun to shade.
Why Choose Oceanspray? An under-utilized plant in the northwest garden, it does exceedingly well on dry slopes and at the edge of deciduous forests of alder and cascara, but can also stand alone as a feature plant in a garden or on the back border as a big, fountain-like cluster.

Description from kingcounty.gov/GoNative. Photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

Pacific Crabapple – Malus fusca
2 Gallon – $15

At a Glance: Small tree, slender in form, appears thorny; bushy in the open.
Height: 16-40 feet (5-12 meters).
Growth Form: Tree or shrub.
Stems: Twigs and branches appear to have thorns, but these are actually spurs, on which flowers and fruits are produced. Young twigs covered with tiny white or gray hairs. Older bark deeply fissured.
Flowers: fragrant white to pink apple blossoms in small clusters; pretty in bloom, but small; size: 9-14 mm long, blooms in April and May.
Fruits: In clusters; crisp, sour, and juicy; egg-shaped pommes; size: 10-16 mm long; color: polished yellow to purplish-red. Edible but very tart.
Best Growing Conditions: prefers moist to wet soils and full sun. Tolerates partial shade. Riparian corridors, wetland edges, shorelines, meadows and forest edges. Very salt tolerant.
Why Choose Pacific Crabapple? Fruit remaining on trees in winter is a preferred food of purple finches. Also evening grosbeaks, towhees, sapsuckers, woodpeckers, and waxwings. Cavity nesting birds and other wildlife may nest and roost in tree cavities of large trees. Nectar is a food source for the spring azure butterfly.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Pacific Madrone – Arbutus menziesii
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: An attractive broadleaf evergreen with a twisting reddish trunk and irregular branches with an overall rounded outline.
Height: Up to 100 feet.
Growth Form: Tree.
Stems: Young bark is chartreuse green and smooth while older bark is brownish-red with thin peeling scales.
Leaves: The alternate, evergreen leaves are dark shiny green on top and whitish-green below. Additionally leaves are hairless and have a leathery texture.
Flowers: The small pinkish-white, bell-shaped flowers are arranged in large drooping clusters and are fragrant; flowering in April.
Fruits: Small, round, orange-red berries with a finely granular texture. Berries are approximately 1 cm across.
Best Growing Conditions: dry, shallow soils in full sun. Tolerates partial shade.
Why Choose Pacific Madrone? Beautiful broadleaf evergreen tree is attractive all year long. Supports multiple moth and butterfly species at both the larval and adult stages, and the berries are eaten by birds.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Pacific Rhododendron – Rhododendron macrophyllum
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Height: Up to 26 feet if grown in shade; shorter and bushier in sunlight.
Leaves: Alternate, evergreen, leathery, thick, not hairy, oblong-elliptic, 8-20 cm (3-8 in) long; color: deep green.
Flowers: Pink to rose-purple, bell-shaped, 5-lobed (the lobes have wavy edges), 2-4 cm long, flowering in May, June, and July
Conditions: Full sun to partly sunny; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Pacific Rhododendron? The clusters of eye-catching spring blooms are the main attraction. One of the showiest of our native shrubs, it adapts well to garden settings. It’s also our Washington state flower!

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Red Elderberry – Sambucus racemose
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: This attractive coastal elderberry boasts gracefully arching branches with white flowers and vibrant red berries.
Height: 5-8 feet
Growth Form: Tree or shrub
Best Growing Conditions: It tolerates deep shade and poor soil and likes a consistently moist site. Use this native generously under cedars or along the north edge of a pond or stream.
Why choose Red Elderberry? Red Elderberry has erect spikes of white flowers and bright red berries that are consumed voraciously by birds. Many sources suggest that they are inedible or at least disagreeable to humans, although Native peoples used them as a food source.

Photo © Joshua Mayer from www.flickr.com (License)

Red Flowering Currant – Ribes sanguineum
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with showy clusters of deep pink flowers in early spring.
Height: 3-10 feet
Flowers: In erect or drooping clusters of 10-20 flowers; pale pink to deep red; size: 3-10 mm long; shape: tubular. Flowers appear just prior to leaf emergence in February, March or April.
Conditions: Full to mostly sunny; dry soil.
Why Choose Red Flowering Currant? A harbinger of spring in the Pacific Northwest, blooms of Red Flowering Currant coincide with the northward migration of Rufous Hummingbirds, which follow the blooms up the Pacific Coast. Attractive to nectar-seeking insects and birds.  Inedible whitish-blue berries darken to midnight blue at maturity, providing food for a variety of native birds and insects.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Red Huckleberry – Vaccinium parvifolium
1 Gallon – $10

At a glance: Deciduous shrub; small, white to pink urn-shaped flowers, followed by red, edible (and tasty) berries; often grows out of rotting stumps with salal.
Height: 3-12 ft., reaching taller limits in shadier conditions
Fruits: Tiny, red to orange-red, sweet-tart in flavor
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, partial to full shade
Why Choose Red Huckleberry? Tart berries can be collected and used for pies, jams, jellies, and other confections. The berries also provide food for a wide variety of birds and mammals.

Description courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative
Photo ©2011 Walter Siegmund || CC-BY-SA-3.0

Redwood Sorrel – Oxalis oregana
4″ – $4

At a Glance: A delicate, evergreen herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Flowering Period: April – September
Best Growing Conditions: Mostly shady to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Oregon Oxalis? Since it thrives in shade and will not grow in full sun, it makes an ideal groundcover for shady areas.  The leaves contain oxalic acid, which makes them a tart and tasty treat in limited quantities.

Photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative and http://www.baynatives.com/plants/Oxalis-oregana/

Salal – Gaultheria shallon
4″ – $4

At a Glance: Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Height: Up to 16 feet in exceptional cases but typically 3-7 feet tall.
Leaves: Evergreen, leathery, shiny dark green, egg shaped, 5-10 cm long.
Flowers: Occur in horizontal rows of 5-15 white-to-pinkish, urn-shaped flowers, all oriented in same direction; size: 7-10 mm long.
 Flower through May, June.
Fruits: What are commonly perceived as the berries are actually fleshy parts of the flower.  They are edible and sweet, but can be pithy. The true fruit is a  capsule surrounded by a rounded, reddish-blue to dark purple, fleshy husk; size: 6-10 mm wide.
Conditions: Full sun to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Salal? One of the most common, robust, and culturally significant groundcovers of the Pacific Northwest. Use Salal under dense shade where most shrubs will not survive, or as a low-maintenance ground cover. Salal is extremely adaptable, thriving in sun, shade, humus, infertile, dry or moist soils. It requires little care once established.

Description courtesy http://www.nwplants.com/business/catalog/gau_sha.html
Photo by 
http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Serviceberry – Amelanchier alnifolia
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Medium-sized shrub to small tree producing fragrant white flowers in late spring and edible berries that ripen in early summer.
Height: Up to 15 feet (4.5 meters).
Flowers: Clusters of large white flowers range from drooping to erect appear in April through May
Fruits: The berry-like fruits are called pomes. Fruits start to form soon after flowers fade. Color: initially dull-red, turning dark purple/black with a white bloom.
Best Growing Conditions: Full to partly sunny; Moist/Dry soil.
Why Choose Serviceberry? This handsome shrub has outstanding blue-green foliage, delicate 2” flower clusters and brilliant red and yellow fall color. The pea size, purple fruits make fantastic pies and preserves. They were highly esteemed by Native groups and used to improve the flavor of less desirable berries. Not only humans love these fruit – wildlife of all varieties will come for a taste!

Description courtesy http://www.nwplants.com/business/catalog/ame_aln.html
Photos courtesy of http://www.nwplants.com (License)

Shore Pine – Pinus contorta
1 Gallon – $10

At a glance: Generally a smaller to mid size tree, often sprawling and irregular in its youth and rarely achieving a full height or straight form; this pine is rather dark in color, both in leaf color and bark; needles are in pairs and tend to be shorter than many pine relatives; the small pine nuts are favored by many birds; it is one of the best pines for making unpruned hedges or visual screens; it is highly adaptable to many soil conditions, wet or dry.
Height: Usually a small tree, though it can reach 50’ with intricate branching forms.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to wet, Full sun to partial shade
Why Choose Shore Pine? It is fantastic in a small garden or as a hedge. A quick way to establish a native garden framework from bare ground is to plant a variety of small to large Shore pines.

Description courtesy of kingcounty.gov/GoNative
Photo ©2008 Walter Siegmund || CC-BY-SA-3.0 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous shrub; snow white berries are rarely heavy laden, but instead seem to float lightly in the air, all about the plant; small, scattered leaf pattern, give the plant a low but airy quality
Height: Up to 5 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, full sun to full shade
Best Companions: Red dogwood, low Oregon grape, red alder, in fields of grasses and fuchsias. Work best in masses, or mixed with several other plants of similar height.
Why Choose Snowberry? Snowberry is unlike almost any other plant in the world, as few plants have such white berries. It is a delicate looking plant with a quietly enchanting quality. Small clusters of pink flowers in the spring become the egg-white berries of late summer which last on the plant until nearly spring, offering spectacular fall and winter interest.  Berries are not edible, but do provide food for wildlife.

Description courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative
Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

Sword Fern – Polystichum munitum
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Leaves: Each dark green frond leaflet has a hilt-like lobe at base representing the hilt of a sword. Frond size: 3-5 ft long by 8-12 in across
Flowers: Produces spores on the underside of leaflets located halfway between the mid-vein and the margin in rows of two.
Best Growing Conditions: Mostly to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Sword Fern? This is a plant that will stay green through all the elements. A tall, hearty, and handsome plant of the Pacific Northwest, it makes a great addition to any garden as a background for colorful flowering plants or to add bright foliage to out-of-the-way places.  A surprisingly well developed root system helps stabilize soil on slopes.

Photo © Oregon Department of Forestry from www.flickr.com is licensed under a Creative Commons License

Tall Oregon Grape – Mahonia aquifolium
1 Gallon – $10

At a glance: Evergreen shrub; has 5-9 leaflets; grows by spreading from underground roots; bright yellow clustered flowers followed by purple fruits; blooms in spring.
Height: Up to 8 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Partial to full sun, moist to dry soil; adapted to dry, open, rocky habitats but handles shade and moisture as well.
Why Choose Tall Oregon Grape? Rugged in appearance, it looks best planted with shorter plants around it, and holly-like leaves make it an excellent barrier hedge.

Photo © by H.Zell || CC-BY-SA-3.0

Vine Maple – Acer circinatum
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: 
13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Stems: Bark is initially smooth and bright green, eventually turning brown with age.
Leaves: Size: 5-12 cm (2-5 in) across. Leaves are green in spring; in early fall they turn orange-red or red in full sun or golden in the shade.
Flowers: Flowers grow in small loose clusters at the end of shoots, appearing May through June. Flower sepals are purple and red, hairy and spreading; petals are creamy white with purple/red highlights and can reach 6-9 mm wide
Fruits: The fruit is a two-seeded winged fruit called a samara. Size: 2-4 cm (0.8-2 in) long; color: fruits are initially green then later turn a reddish-brown.
Best Growing Conditions: Partly sunny/mostly shady; wet to moist soil.
Why Choose Vine Maple? This elegant tree grows quickly to 10-15′ with multiple trunks and spreads to 20′ widths, much like a vine. Brilliant red and orange colors signal the arrival of autumn, while showy white flowers appear in early spring. Every bit as decorative as Japanese maples, these trees have an added bonus of providing local wildlife with food. Vine Maples like moisture and but will tolerate summer drought once established.

Description and photo courtesy www.nwplants.com (License)

Western Red Cedar – Thuja plicata
24″ – $15

At a Glance: Large conifer with branches that droop and then turn back up (J-shaped), broad crowns.
Height: 100-230 feet.
Growth Form: Tree.
Leaves: Leaves are scale-like, arranged in flat opposite pairs, overlapping shingled arrangement, die and shed after 3-4 years. Size: 2 mm long; color: yellowish-green with glossy luster.
Best Growing Conditions: thrives in moist to wet soils with part to mostly shade. Prefers nutrient-rich soils with poor drainage.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

White Inside-Out Flower – Vancouveria hexandra
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: Attractive duck’s foot shaped leaves and beautiful white shooting star-like flowers; spreads by rhizomes, but not a bully.
Height: 1 ft.
Growing ease: High
Best Growing Conditions: Partial shade, moist to dry soil
Why Choose Inside-Out Flower? A delicately showy flower, V. hexandra  grows well in dry, shady areas of gardens. Spreading by underground rhizomes, it will easily fill a space and is best used to fill between taller, larger plants. Keeping it on the dry side will slow its spreading pace.

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative

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