Native Plant Sale

2019 Native Plant Sale Dates
Friday, October 4 from 5-6:30 – Early access for Land Trust members: join or renew today!
Saturday, October 5 from 9-11am – open to the public!

Why a Fall Plant Sale?

In 2016, the Land Trust held its first ever Fall Native Plant Sale. Due to its success, we have transitioned our annual sale from spring to fall in order to offer nursery-grade plants at optimal planting time! Planting during the wetter fall months helps increase plant vigor by reducing transplant shock and watering requirements. Our native plant collection includes a variety of ground covers, shrubs, and trees.

Why Native Plants?

Native plants are best suited to our unique northwest environment. They are built to withstand our long wet winters, and our dry summers and are more resistant to disease. They require less maintenance overall and help improve habitat and water quality across the Island. View the full selection of plants below!

2019 Plant Catalog

This list is subject to change once final orders are placed. Plants are listed alphabetically by common name. If you have questions, feel free to call us at (206) 842-1216!

Beaked Hazelnut – Corylus cornuta
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub reaching heights of 3 – 13 feet
Growth Form: Shrub
Flowers: Male catkins emerge before leaves in the spring, female catkins are much smaller with protruding red stigmas
Fruits: Fruits are hard-shelled nuts enclosed in a husk, husks are arranged in clusters of 2-3 at the end of branches and covered with stiff prickly hairs
Best Growing Conditions: well-drained soil in part sun to mostly shade. Open forests, thickets, riparian corridors and meadows
Why Choose Beaked Hazelnut? The dense, sprawling structure of the Hazelnut provide good habitat for low-nesting birds. The nuts are edible and resemble commercial hazelnuts–if you can beat the birds and squirrels to them!

Photos: These photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Black Twinberry – Lonicera involucrata
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance:  A fast-growing, handsome shrub, in the honeysuckle family, Twinberry branches freely, reaching heights of 6 – 10 feet
Growth Form: shrub
Flowers: Small yellow flowers form in pairs
Fruits: Two pairs of telltale burgundy bracts surround twin purple-black fruit
Best Growing Conditions: Twinberry likes sun or partial shade and moisture. It is found in freshwater and brackish wetlands alike across Canada and along the Pacific Coast from Alaska to California
Why Choose Black Twinberry? “Like many honeysuckles, twinberry is an attractive ornamental which can be grown in the garden. Its flowers attract hummingbirds and birds feed on the fruits. Twinberry prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade, and is tolerant of cold climates. Plants are propagated either from seed or cuttings, and are available from many nurseries.”

Photos: These photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Bleeding Heart – Dicentra formosa
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: a 12”-18” tall perennial with clusters of delicate pink flowers that appear in late April
Flowers: delicate pin, heart-shaped flowers dangle on long stems
Fruits: Two pairs of telltale burgundy bracts surround twin purple-black fruit
Best Growing Conditions: Bleeding Heart likes shady, moist areas and makes an excellent understory plant
Why Choose Bleeding Heart? This herbaceous perennial will remain in flower all through spring and summer. The “nectar-filled blooms” attract hummingbirds and bumblebees and it is an excellent woodland species that grows well with fringe cup and wild ginger.

Photos: © Paul Brians

Cascade Oregon grape – Mahonia nervosa
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Low-growing, creeping shrub with dark green holly-like leaves and slender spikes of yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet tall.
Leaves: Leaves are in long clusters with numerous dark green, glossy, holly-like leaves
Flowers: Small bright yellow flowers in elongated clusters at tops of stems appear in early spring
Fruits: Small rounded dark blue berries with a whitish bloom.
Best Growing Conditions: Partly sunny to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Cascade Oregon Grape? A slower-growing species, it is especially well-suited to areas of dry shade, providing an attractive anchor for the border of a shady garden. Also ideal as a low maintenance ground cover or low hedge. One of the most common understory plants in the Pacific Northwest, various species of birds and mammals prefer the small berries produced by M. nervosa.

Description courtesy of http://www.wnps.org and www.portlandnursery.com
Photo courtesy of DHochmayr || CC-BY-SA-3.0 and http://www.nwplants.com, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Cascara – Rhamnus purshiana
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters, can grow up to 33ft tall
Leaves: egg-shaped to oblong, deciduous, dark glossy green, 6-12 cm (2.5-5 in) long, finely toothed, strongly pinnately veined in furrows, the surface washboardy
Flowers: Small umbrella-shaped clusters of greenish yellow flowers appear in April and May
Fruits: Blue black to purplish-black berries, 5-8 mm across; edible
Best Growing Conditions: tolerates wet, moist, or dry soils in partial sun to partial shade
Why Choose Cascara? This mid-story tree grows well in small gaps of sunlight under an established tree canopy, or at forest edges. The leaves and other plant parts are a food source for a range of butterfly larvae. Cascara bark can be used to make a strong laxative, and was harvested on Bainbridge Island for many years in the early 1900s to help supply the national market. 

PhotosPhotos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Creeping Dogwood – Cornus canadensis
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous Groundcover. This wonderful groundcover prefers light shade and a nice organic soil. Attributes include attractive foliage, edible berries, beautiful white blooms, spreads slowly.
Height: Up to 1 ft.
Growing Difficulty: High
Best Growing Conditions: Moist, organic soil, partial to full shade. Many gardeners place rotting wood at the bottom of the planting hole to provide suitable nutrients to thrive.
Best Companions: Ferns, other moist-woods inhabitants
Why Choose Creeping Dogwood? Lovely and pristine, it is like a jewel in the shade or woodland garden. In the lives of gardeners there are some plants that are so beautiful and special that they are worth the extra effort they may take to establish or care for; can be forgiven their idiosyncrasies and neediness in the face of the simple pleasure they bring. Cornus canadensis should be high on this list. (Portland Nursery)

Description courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative
Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Deer fern – blechnum spicant
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Dark green fern leaves grow in tufts from short, stout rhizomes.
Height: Up to 40 in.
Leaves: Narrow, dark, glossy leaf with a wavy, crinkled edge along the leaf; the stalk is gloss black. Upright “flowering” stalks emerge from the center of the fern’s base.
Best Growing Conditions: Deep shade and some moisture; plants in sun tend to grow smaller.
Best Companions: Other woodland natives, such as Trillium ovatum (Western Trillium), Achlys triphylla (Vanilla Leaf), or other ferns.
Why Choose Deer Fern? If you are looking for an elegant addition to your shade garden, you could not do better than to plant Deer Fern. Its dark green, shiny, leathery fronds and purple-black stems make this a standout among the ferns. (WNPS)

Photo © Peggy A. Lopipero-Longmo from www.flickr.com (License)
Descriptions courtesy Washington Native Plant Society

Douglas Iris – Iris douglasiana
1 gallon – $10

At A Glance: The rhizomes spread slowly, eventually creating a 2-4 ft. wide clump. Tufts of 1-2 ft., sword-shaped, dark-evergreen leaves arise from the rhizome and surround a flowering stalk of equal height. Several showy iris blossoms emerge from leafy bracts atop the stalks.
Height: 1-2′ tall with a 3″ flower
Flowers: Flower color ranges from light blue-violet to dark purple, occasionally white.
Best Growing Conditions: Part sun to full shade
Why Choose Douglas Iris? Being easy to grow and extremely long-lived (clumps have been found in the wild that are over 100 years old), the Douglas Iris should be in every native plant garden. Birds and butterflies will flock to this plant, a perfect choice for the garden in partial shade.

Photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Evergreen Huckleberry – Vaccinium ovatum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Beautiful foliage and edible fruit make this a must in most gardens; the new growth is bronze and the berries are blue to black; does not transplant well, but can be grown easily from smaller potted stock; can be hedged.
Height: Up to 12 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, partial to full shade
Flowering Period: Showy flowers appear April to May
Why Choose Evergreen Huckleberry? A favorite of local wildlife, the berries are consumed by many species of birds and mammals. The flowers attract a variety of butterflies as well as hummingbirds. The fruits can also be used for jams or in cooking, and are rich in vitamin C.

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative and http://www.nwplants.com (licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.)

False Lily of the Valley – Maianthemum dilatatum
4″ – $5

At a glance:Perennial ground cover, stems erect, often in clumps from creeping roots. Leaves heart-shaped, up to 8 in. long by 4 in. wide, shiny. Flowers fragrant, white, many in cone-shaped cluster topping stem above leaves.
Height: Up to 1 ft.
Flowering Period: Late Spring
Best Growing Conditions: Moist soil, partial to full shade
Why Choose False Lily of the Valley? A beautiful, dense groundcover producing delicate white flowers, and the berries that follow are enjoyed by a wide array of wildlife including small mammals and birds.

Description courtesy of kingcounty.gov/GoNative
Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund || CC-BY-SA-3.0

Fringecup – Tellima grandiflora
4″ pot – $4

At A Glance: Attractive, fuzzy heart shaped leaves, spikes of greenish-white to reddish flowers. Slug resistant. Occasionally will spread aggressively. Evergreen during mild winters.
Height: Up to 1 ft
Flowering Period: April – July
Best Growing Conditions: Partial sun to full shade, moist soil
Why Choose Fringecup? Fringecup makes an excellent ground cover as it spreads easily and looks fabulous en masse, and hummingbirds will thank you for the sweet nectar. The flower stems add height and an airy quality to composed flower bouquets. They are long lasting as well. 

Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Great Camas – Camassia leitchlinii
4″ pot – $4

At a Glance: Stately perennial from a deep bulb, producing spikes of large blue flowers in early spring.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm)
Flowers: Five or more deep blue (rarely white) flowers in a long terminal spike; size: 3.5 cm (1.4 in) long.
Flowering Period: April, May.
Best Growing Conditions: Full sun, moist to dry soil
Why Choose Great Camas? A true meadow plant, this Camas likes moisture in the winter and spring followed by a dry period in the summer. Camas will do well in sun or filtered shade and succeeds in heavy soils.

Photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

HIGH BUSH CRANBERRY – Viburnum trilobum
1 gallon – $10

At A Glance: Dense upright or arching branches create a round outline. Maple-like, deciduous foliage is colorful in fall. White, flat-topped clusters of flowers are followed by persistent red berries.
Height: Up to 16 ft.
Flowers & Foliage: Flat clusters of lacy, white flowers unfurl in May. Red autumn foliage stands out, as do the scarlet berries.
Best Growing Conditions: Moist to wet soil, full to partial sun
Why Choose High Bush Cranberry? The edible berries are rich in Vitamin C and are sought out by many wildlife species.  Berries and foliage provide beautiful fall colors that linger into early winter.

Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

KINNIKINNICK – Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
4″ pot – $4

At a Glance: A mat-forming evergreen shrub producing lovely pink flowers that later turn into red berries. The velvety red-brownish branches are long, flexible and rooting. Pure stands of kinnikinnick can grow to be very dense.
Height: Up to 8 inches tall.
Leaves: Oval in shape, dark green, shiny above and paler beneath with a leathery texture; up to 3 cm long.
Flowers: Small pink bell-shaped flowers in few-flowered drooping terminal clusters; size: 5 mm long.
 Flowers emerge in March, April.
Fruits: Kinnikinnick berries are called drupes and ripen late, continuing to stay on plants into winter.
Best Growing Conditions: Sandy and well-drained exposed soil, dry rocky slopes
Why Choose Kinnickinnick? This is a great alternative to the dreaded English ivy! Have a place you hate to mow? A boring parking strip? A retaining wall or rockery that could use a cascade of green? Kinnikinnick is a great choice. It’s low maintenance, drought tolerant, and a pal to birds (like grosbeaks and hummingbirds) and insects (like bees and butterflies), providing sustenance long into the lean season of winter.

Description courtesy of Washington Native Plant Society http://www.wnps.org/landscaping/documents/Kinnikinnick.pdf

Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum pedatum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Small to medium-sized delicate, deciduous fern with a fan-shaped arrangement of five to seven fingerlike branchlets each bearing many toothed leaflets.
Height: 1-2 feet
Leaves: Light to bright green, 10-40 cm (4-16 in) across
Best Growing Conditions: Partial sun to full shade, moist soil.
Why Choose Maidenhair Fern? The Maidenhair Fern grows in moist and shaded crevices in rocks, especially near falling or rushing water, where the plant benefits from the constant mist. More tender than some of the other northwest native ferns, the beauty of this unique plant lends itself to small vignettes in company with other woodland natives.

Photos and description by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Mock Orange – Philadelphus lewisii
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet.
Leaves: 3-5 cm (1-2 in) long; green in color
Flowers: 4 petals; numerous stamens; 3-15 in clusters at the end of lateral branches. Fragrant, appear May – July
Best Growing Conditions: Full sun to moderate shade in moist, well-drained soils.
Why Choose Mock Orange? Nectar attracts pollinator species such as hummingbirds and insects, while the seeds are consumed by various birds and mammals. Large, showy, and fragrant blooms make them excellent for ornamental purposes and are attractive in hedgerows.

Photos courtesy of http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Ninebark – Physocarpos capitatus
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Growth Form: Shrub.
Stems: Brown shredding peeling bark.
Flowers: White, small, 5 petals, about 30 pink stamens; several to many in terminal, rounded clusters.
Flowering Period: May, June.
Best Growing Conditions: Moist or wet soils in full sun to part shade. Forest edges, wetland edges, thickets, riparian corridors.
Why Choose Ninebark? Persistent seed heads provide a food source for birds well into the winter. Once established, root systems are excellent at holding soil.

Photo courtesy of the Washington Native Plant Society / Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium.

Nootka Rose – Rosa nutkana
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Spreading shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet.
Flowers: Large, primarily pink flower borne singly or in pairs of 2-3 at the branch tips, appear through May and June.
Fruits: Round, purplish-red rosehips, 1-2 cm across
Conditions: Mostly sunny; moist – dry soil.  Nootka rose is tolerant of a very wide range of conditions.
Why Choose Nootka Rose? Pollen-seeking bees are attracted to this beautiful shrub, and the rosehips remain on the plant throughout winter, providing food for small mammals, birds, and insects.

Photos courtesy of http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Oceanspray – Holodiscus discolor
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous shrub; large, white to cream, lilac-like flower plumes are dazzling in late spring to early summer gardens; the flowers then turn a tan to brown color and last on the plant through winter.
Height: up to 15′
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, more tolerant to dry soils than most natives. Sun to shade.
Why Choose Oceanspray? An under-utilized plant in the northwest garden, it does exceedingly well on dry slopes and at the edge of deciduous forests of alder and cascara, but can also stand alone as a feature plant in a garden or on the back border as a big, fountain-like cluster.

Description from kingcounty.gov/GoNative. Photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

Pacific Madrone – Arbutus menziesii
1 gallon – $12

At a Glance: An attractive broadleaf evergreen with a twisting reddish trunk and irregular branches with an overall rounded outline.
Height: Up to 100 feet.
Growth Form: Tree.
Stems: Young bark is chartreuse green and smooth while older bark is brownish-red with thin peeling scales.
Leaves: The alternate, evergreen leaves are dark shiny green on top and whitish-green below. Additionally leaves are hairless and have a leathery texture.
Flowers: The small pinkish-white, bell-shaped flowers are arranged in large drooping clusters and are fragrant; flowering in April.
Fruits: Small, round, orange-red berries with a finely granular texture. Berries are approximately 1 cm across.
Best Growing Conditions: dry, shallow soils in full sun. Tolerates partial shade.
Why Choose Pacific Madrone? Beautiful broadleaf evergreen tree is attractive all year long. Supports multiple moth and butterfly species at both the larval and adult stages, and the berries are eaten by birds.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Pacific Rhododendron – Rhod. macrophyllum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Height: Up to 26 feet if grown in shade; shorter and bushier in sunlight.
Leaves: Alternate, evergreen, leathery, thick, color: deep green.
Flowers: Pink to rose-purple, bell-shaped, 5-lobed (the lobes have wavy edges), flowering in May, June, and July
Conditions: Full sun to partly sunny; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Pacific Rhododendron? The clusters of eye-catching spring blooms are the main attraction. One of the showiest of our native shrubs, it adapts well to garden settings. It’s also our Washington state flower!

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Red Elderberry – Sambucus racemose
1 Gallon – $10

At a Glance: This attractive coastal elderberry quickly reaches 5-8ft tall. The many branches arch gracefully and are amenable to pruning
Growth Form: Deciduous shrub
Flowers and Fruit: Red Elderberry has erect spikes of white flowers and bright red berries that are consumed voraciously by birds
Best Growing Conditions: It tolerates deep shade and poor soil and likes a consistently moist site. Use this native generously under cedars or along the north edge of a pond or stream.

Photo © Joshua Mayer from www.flickr.com (License)

Red Flowering Currant – Ribes sanguineum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Erect, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with showy clusters of deep pink flowers in early spring.
Height: 3-10 feet
Flowers: In erect or drooping clusters of 10-20 flowers; pale pink to deep red; size: 3-10 mm long; shape: tubular. Flowers appear just prior to leaf emergence in February, March or April.
Conditions: Full to mostly sunny; dry soil.
Why Choose Red Flowering Currant? A harbinger of spring in the Pacific Northwest, blooms of Red Flowering Currant coincide with the northward migration of Rufous Hummingbirds, which follow the blooms up the Pacific Coast. Attractive to nectar-seeking insects and birds.  Inedible whitish-blue berries darken to midnight blue at maturity, providing food for a variety of native birds and insects.

Photo by http://www.nwplants.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Red Huckleberry – Vaccinium parvifolium
1 gallon – $12

At a glance: Deciduous shrub; small, white to pink urn-shaped flowers, followed by red, edible (and tasty) berries; often grows out of rotting stumps with salal.
Height: 3-12 ft., reaching taller limits in shadier conditions
Fruits: Tiny, red to orange-red, sweet-tart in flavor
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, partial to full shade
Why Choose Red Huckleberry? Tart berries can be collected and used for pies, jams, jellies, and other confections. The berries also provide food for a wide variety of birds and mammals.

Description courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative
Photo © 2019 Paul Brians

Red Twig Dogwood – Cornus sericea
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form. Textured green, oval leaves in the spring are a striking contrast to the colorful bark.
Height: 3-6 feet
Spread: 10-15 feet
Best Growing Conditions: Full sun to partial shade, moist to wet soil, tolerates seasonal flooding
Why Choose Red Twig Dogwood? Provides beautiful year long color interest. Best used as a screen or shrub border. Easy to grow and adaptable in a variety of settings, including seasonally flooded areas, or near drain spouts.

Photo Credits: “Cornus sericea flower” by USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons

Redwood Sorrel – Oxalis oregana
4″ pot – $4

At a Glance: A delicate, evergreen herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Flowering Period: April – September
Best Growing Conditions: Mostly shady to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Oregon Oxalis? Since it thrives in shade and will not grow in full sun, it makes an ideal groundcover for shady areas.  The leaves contain oxalic acid, which makes them a tart and tasty treat in limited quantities.

Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Salal – Gaultheria shallon
4″ pot – $4

At a Glance: Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Height: Up to 16 feet in exceptional cases but typically 3-7 feet tall.
Leaves: Evergreen, leathery, shiny dark green, egg shaped, 5-10 cm long.
Flowers: Occur in horizontal rows of 5-15 white-to-pinkish, urn-shaped flowers, all oriented in same direction; size: 7-10 mm long.
 Flower through May, June.
Fruits: What are commonly perceived as the berries are actually fleshy parts of the flower.  They are edible and sweet, but can be pithy. The true fruit is a  capsule surrounded by a rounded, reddish-blue to dark purple, fleshy husk; size: 6-10 mm wide.
Conditions: Full sun to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Salal? One of the most common, robust, and culturally significant groundcovers of the Pacific Northwest. Use Salal under dense shade where most shrubs will not survive, or as a low-maintenance ground cover. Salal is extremely adaptable, thriving in sun, shade, humus, infertile, dry or moist soils. It requires little care once established.

Description courtesy http://www.nwplants.com/business/catalog/gau_sha.html
Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Serviceberry – Amelanchier alnifolia
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Medium-sized shrub to small tree producing fragrant white flowers in late spring and edible berries that ripen in early summer.
Height: Up to 15 feet (4.5 meters).
Flowers: Clusters of large white flowers range from drooping to erect appear in April through May
Fruits: The edible berry-like fruits have a chocolate-blueberry-marzipan taste. Fruits start to form soon after flowers fade.
Best Growing Conditions: Full to partly sunny; Moist/Dry soil.
Why Choose Serviceberry? This handsome shrub has outstanding blue-green foliage, delicate 2” flower clusters and brilliant red and yellow fall color. The pea size, purple fruits make fantastic pies and preserves. They were highly esteemed by Native groups and used to improve the flavor of less desirable berries. Not only humans love the fruits – wildlife of all varieties will come for a taste!

Description courtesy http://www.nwplants.com/business/catalog/ame_aln.html
Photos courtesy of http://www.nwplants.com (License)

Shore Pine – Pinus contorta
1 gallon – $10

At a glance: Generally a smaller to mid size tree, often sprawling and irregular in its youth and rarely achieving a full height or straight form; this pine is rather dark in color, both in leaf color and bark; needles are in pairs and tend to be shorter than many pine relatives; the small pine nuts are favored by many birds; it is one of the best pines for making unpruned hedges or visual screens; it is highly adaptable to many soil conditions, wet or dry.
Height: Usually a small tree, though it can reach 50’ with intricate branching forms.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to wet, Full sun to partial shade
Why Choose Shore Pine? It is fantastic in a small garden or as a hedge. A quick way to establish a native garden framework from bare ground is to plant a variety of small to large Shore pines.

Description courtesy of kingcounty.gov/GoNative
Photo ©2008 Walter Siegmund || CC-BY-SA-3.0 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Deciduous shrub; snow white berries are rarely heavy laden, but instead seem to float lightly in the air, all about the plant; small, scattered leaf pattern, give the plant a low but airy quality
Height: Up to 5 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Dry to moist soil, full sun to full shade
Best Companions: Red dogwood, low Oregon grape, red alder, in fields of grasses and fuchsias. Work best in masses, or mixed with several other plants of similar height.
Why Choose Snowberry? Snowberry is unlike almost any other plant in the world, as few plants have such white berries. It is a delicate looking plant with a quietly enchanting quality. Small clusters of pink flowers in the spring become the egg-white berries of late summer which last on the plant until nearly spring, offering spectacular fall and winter interest.  Berries are not edible, but do provide food for wildlife.

Description courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative
Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Sword Fern – Polystichum munitum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Leaves: Each dark green frond leaflet has a hilt-like lobe at base representing the hilt of a sword. Frond size: 3-5 ft long by 8-12 in across
Flowers: Produces spores on the underside of leaflets located halfway between the mid-vein and the margin in rows of two.
Best Growing Conditions: Mostly to full shade; moist to dry soil.
Why Choose Sword Fern? This is a plant that will stay green through all the elements. A tall, hearty, and handsome plant of the Pacific Northwest, it makes a great addition to any garden as a background for colorful flowering plants or to add bright foliage to out-of-the-way places.  A surprisingly well developed root system helps stabilize soil on slopes.

Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Tall Oregon Grape – Mahonia aquifolium
1 gallon – $10

At a glance: Evergreen shrub; has 5-9 leaflets; grows by spreading from underground roots; bright yellow clustered flowers followed by purple fruits; blooms in spring.
Height: Up to 8 ft.
Best Growing Conditions: Partial to full sun, moist to dry soil; adapted to dry, open, rocky habitats but handles shade and moisture as well.
Why Choose Tall Oregon Grape? Rugged in appearance, it looks best planted with shorter plants around it, and holly-like leaves make it an excellent barrier hedge.

Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Vine Maple – Acer circinatum
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: 
13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Stems: Bark is initially smooth and bright green, eventually turning brown with age.
Leaves: Size: 5-12 cm (2-5 in) across. Leaves are green in spring; in early fall they turn orange-red or red in full sun or golden in the shade.
Flowers: Flowers grow in small loose clusters at the end of shoots, appearing May through June. Flower sepals are purple and red, hairy and spreading; petals are creamy white with purple/red highlights and can reach 6-9 mm wide
Fruits: The fruit is a two-seeded winged fruit called a samara. Size: 2-4 cm (0.8-2 in) long; color: fruits are initially green then later turn a reddish-brown.
Best Growing Conditions: Partly sunny/mostly shady; wet to moist soil.
Why Choose Vine Maple? This elegant tree grows quickly to 10-15′ with multiple trunks and spreads to 20′ widths, much like a vine. Brilliant red and orange colors signal the arrival of autumn, while showy white flowers appear in early spring. Every bit as decorative as Japanese maples, these trees have an added bonus of providing local wildlife with food. Vine Maples like moisture and but will tolerate summer drought once established.

Description courtesy www.nwplants.com
Photo © 2019 Sue Larkin

Western Azalea – Rhododendron occidentale
1 gallon – $10

At A Glance: One of the most stunning, native flowering shrubs in the Pacific northwest, the Western Azalea is deciduous and grows in an open form with multiple stems.
Height: Can reach 15 ft. in height but is usually 3-9 ft. tall
Flowers: Flower variations include mixtures of pale pink, deep pink, and yellow-orange.
Bloom Time: April – August
Best Growing Conditions: Moist soil, sun to shade
Why Choose Western Azalea? Showy, fragrant white to pink flower clusters open in June through July. They are reminiscent of day lilies and emit a wonderful fragrance that travels for a considerable distance.

Photos by: Walter Siegmund, Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons and by http://www.nwplants.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

White Inside-Out Flower – Vancouveria hexandra
1 gallon – $10

At a Glance: Attractive duck’s foot shaped leaves and beautiful white shooting star-like flowers; spreads by rhizomes, but not a bully.
Height: 1 ft.
Growing ease: High
Best Growing Conditions: Partial shade, moist to dry soil
Why Choose Inside-Out Flower? A delicately showy flower, V. hexandra  grows well in dry, shady areas of gardens. Spreading by underground rhizomes, it will easily fill a space and is best used to fill between taller, larger plants. Keeping it on the dry side will slow its spreading pace.

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative

Wild Ginger – Asarum caudatum

At a Glance: Evergreen perennial groundcover, extensive rhizomes, trailing stems, freely rooting
Height: 6 in.
Leaves: 1.5 – 4 in. long to 7 in. wide, heart- to kidney-shaped, shiny, long stalks; leaves and stalks finely hairy
Growing ease: Medium
Best Growing Circumstances: Rich, moist bottomlands, shade to partial shade
Why Choose Wild Ginger? The roots can be eaten fresh or dried and ground as a ginger substitute. Great as a dense groundcover, often forming large, thick mats.

Description and photo courtesy of www.kingcounty.gov/gonative and Pojar & Mackinnon

General Plant Care Information

When to plant:

  • Continue to water plants in pots prior to planting in the ground.
  • Plant in ground mid-October through late-November when soil is moist and temperatures mild. This allows plants to get established in wetter months, removing the need for immediate watering. Watering may need to occur during the first couple of summers, especially if there is lack of precipitation.

Plant Holes and Spacing:

  • Dig holes two – three times bigger than the plant container size to loosen soil.
  • Ground covers plant 1-3 feet apart
  • Shrubs plant 3 -5  feet apart
  • Most Trees plant 10-15 feet

Planting:

  • Remove anything attached to the plant. This includes bamboo stake, tags, and twine.
  • Remove the plant from pot by gently rolling the pot from side to side on the ground then tipping it upside down.
  • Locate the root flare (outward curving base of plant where it joins roots). Don’t plant too high or too low, the root flare should sit right above ground level.  A buried root flare will rot over time, leading to the failure of the plant. This is a very easy thing to avoid, but it can only be done at the time of planting.
  • Loosen the roots. Straighten any circling / girdling / j-roots. It’s better to cut a root that’s circling than to leave it. Circling roots will continue to grow in that pattern, eventually strangling and killing the plant. Again, an easy thing to avoid that can only be done at the time of the planting.
  • Dig hole only as deep as the root ball, 2-3 times wide. Note that digging the hole is not the first step! You want to know how deep the root ball is after you’ve loosened the roots and located the root flare. A hole that’s dug too deep means the plant will sink over time, burying the root flare. Do not loosen the soil at the bottom of your planting hole—this will prevent the tree from settling.
  • Place the plant in the hole. Make sure root flare is above ground.
  • Fill in the hole. Pack soil around plant firmly but not aggressively (no air pockets). Use the same soil from the hole to plant. Don’t add compost or fertilizer to the hole, which can actually kill the young plants and cause its roots to circle. Press out air pockets as you fill the hole.
  • Water it in. If the soil is not saturated, watering helps eliminate excess air pockets and reduces the stress of transplanting.  You shouldn’t have to water for the rest of winter.
  • Mulch. Once you’ve planted, spread a nice layer of mulch around the base of the plants at 2-4’’ deep. Be sure to keep the mulch a hands-width away from the trunk and avoid mulch volcanos, which can rot the base of the plants.

Ongoing Care:

Provide water and mulch around plants for 2 to 3 years after planting to ensure their best chance for survival. After 3 years they should be well enough established to survive independently.

Planting Tutorial

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